Voroshilovsky Bridge in Rostov-on-Don - the legendary bridge. Built in the 1960s, it became not only a symbol of the city, but also a breakthrough in the technologies of that time. Traditionally, the construction bridge blocks were welded, they glued them with a special glue among themselves, skipping steel cables inside blocks that kept the entire multi-torque design. Nothing like this in the Soviet Union was not built then.
The bridge is one of the key arteries of the city, communicating with each other Rostov-on-Don, beautiful beaches and recreation areas on the left bank of Don and the nearest city satellite Azov and Bataysk. According to some versions, it is Don shares the European and Asian parts of the world, which means that in some sense, the Voroshilovsky bridge can be considered a bridge to another part of the world. The bridge is also the southern gate of the city, from here the track goes towards Stavropol, Sochi, Krasnodar and other southern cities of Russia.
The total length of the bridge is about 620 meters, the width is about 12 meters. The 32-meter height of the bridge allows it to skip the river transport of any type.
The bridge is very organically woven into the landscape architecture of the city. On the one hand, it is a natural continuation of the arrows of the Voroshilovsky Avenue, on the other hand, as it were, he is poured into the outgoing perspective of the left bank. Smooth lines and elegant supports of the bridge create a feeling of lightness and harmony.
The bridge is a road-pedestrian. Daily tens of thousands of cars crosses its spans on the road to the regional center or back. Pedestrians like this place for the magnificent panoramic views of the city. Especially efficiently, the bridge looks in the evening clocks taking under it by heat.
Since 2007, the bridge was under threat of closure, in 2014 the movement on the bridge was discontinued. During the technical expertise, damage to the bridge between the joints was revealed, which gradually led to a hazardous to move the deficient of a depth of more than half a meter. The defect could be quickly eliminated, but the experts warned - it is useless. At any other point, the bridge can collapse. It was decided to rebuild the bridge under the modern needs of the city. 19 thousand cars per day - the bandwidth of the old Voroshilovsky bridge was excellent characteristic for the 1960s, but the tens of recent years he constantly worked with a significant overload.
While the bridge was closed, the inhabitants of the city of Complete appreciated his need. The rest of the bridges through the Don did not cope with the load: several years Rostov-on-Don stood in traffic jams, residents of the city were constantly late to work and study. All transport moved to the bridge, then it was possible to go on foot or take advantage of the boat.
Reconstruction was performed several steps. First, in the immediate vicinity of the old bridge, a new, three-band was built. There was a reversible movement on it. After that, the old bridge was dismantled, and at this place did the second three-band part. Then they were connected to each other.
In fact, only highly fortified supports remained from the design of the initial Voroshilovsky bridge. Old spans were removed and a new riding bridge was built, an analogue of the existing one.
For the bridge, retaining walls, anti-ridic and cleaning systems were made. The bridge was equipped with new backlit and elevators (four on each side). Underground and terrestrial pedestrian crossings appeared, as well as a special noise strip that helps drivers do not fall asleep accidentally on the road at night, which leads to serious accidents and fall from the bridge.
The renovated bridge became the beginning of a large transport junction of the city.
Part of the money necessary for the reconstruction was collected thanks to the Plato system. "Fee for tons" - a new practice for Russia, when cargo carriers, owners of heavy trucks (more than 12 tons) pay an additional tax for damage caused by road surface. From this budget then repair roads and bridges.
Voroshilovsky Bridge was finally opened after all reconstructions in April 2018. Instead of two bands that were constantly the cause of traffic jams, here are now full six. The total bandwidth is capable of increased to 85 thousand cars per day.
The bridge and the embankment under it became a favorite place of walking locals. Many restaurants and cafes around, view of the city on both sides of Don. This was one of the gifts in the city for the 2018 Football Championships together with the construction of the Rostov Arena Stadium.
Voroshilovsky Bridge - Modern version (video)
How to get to Voroshilovsky Bridge
On the right bank in the direction of the Rostov Embankment and the Voroshilovsky bridge, there are minibuses No. 49mt and buses No. 8, 65a, 76 - to come out at the Stanislavsky stop. On the left bank you will use buses No. 31, 39, 72 - the left-bank stop.
Here you can use any user-friendly taxi taxi taxi application, Uber, Gett Taxi or Maxim.
Voroshilovsky Bridge after reconstruction and view of Rostov Arena - Panorama Yandex Cards
The caught bridge on the southern entrance will be closed
From March 4, the bypass road will begin work, built during the reconstruction of the Southern entrance of Rostov. This was announced by the head of the Administration of Rostov Vitaly Kushnarev.
Recall that from March to December 2017 will limit entry into Rostov from Bataysk for all types of transport, except for public.
The movement will be carried out in a temporary bypass road, which is now being built in the reconstruction zone. The bypass road has 4 stripes of motion, as well as the existing site - two in each direction. The congress towards Rostov is organized in the direction of Voroshilovsky Avenue, and departure from the city - from the side of the bridge in the Sievers. Movement will be limited only for heavy trucks. After completing the reconstruction of the entrance, the temporary road will differ.
As the Grador reported, on March 4 will also change the movement scheme over the Voroshilovsky bridge.
- The bridge now works in reversing mode, and from this date will begin to function in both directions. At the entrance and on the departure is allocated by the strip. This is done for the convenience of our citizens.
Vitaly Kushnarev also spoke about the scheme of public transport during the reconstruction of the southern entrance.
In the direction Rostov - Bataysk (Left Bank of Rostov) Transport will run according to schemes:
1. Guards Square - Temnitsky Bridge - Temporary Traffic Road - Southern Store;
2. Primary area - Temnitsky Bridge - Temporary Traffic Road - Southern Staed;
3. Voroshilovsky Avenue - Voroshilovsky Bridge - Highway - Temnitsky Bridge - Temporary Traffic Road - Southern Stales.
In the same way, only in the opposite direction, transport traffic and from Bataysk to Rostov. That is, the Voroshilovsky Bridge will work on the entrance and on the departure, but it is assumed that the main burden will take on a parengi bridge.By Admin in Voroshilovsky Bridge, News
City Department of Highway and Road Organization Reported: Movement on Voroshilovsky Bridge will remain reversible.
Recall: At the moment, the Voroshilovsky Bridge operates at the entrance to the city from 0-10 to 12-00, and on departure from 12-10 to 0-00. From November 1, it was planned that the bridge would only work for departure. Such a mode of operation Department of the road associated with the need to transfer a new bridge for winter service. It is known that, despite the open movement of personal vehicles, work in the Voroshilovsky Bridge is still underway.
However, the ability to use a new Voroshilovsky Bridge Rostovchan and guests of the southern capital have already appreciated. On this bridge, motorists fall into the very center of the city, which is certainly more convenient than entering the Rostov on the Temernitsky, Western or (especially) Aksay Bridge. Therefore, since the announcement that after November 1, Voroshilovsky will work only in one direction, the department of road began to receive numerous appeals from the townspeople. Everyone unanimously asked to leave the current work scheme.
As a result , the road authorities listened to the wishes of the inhabitants. After November 1, the Voroshilovsky Bridge operates still scheduled: entry into the city from 0-10 to 12-00, departure from 12-10 to 0-00. Two technological breaks for 10 minutes are necessary for all cars to be able to avoid the bridge, before the oncoming movement opens. The passage of public urban, suburban and long-distance transport on the Voroshilovsky Bridge remains closed.
New Voroshilovsky Bridge in Rostov-on-Don. Photo: Gelio.LiveJournal.com
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Voroshilovsky Most - Bridge in Rostov-on-Don across the Don River.
Built in 1961-1965 According to the project of the engineer N. I. Kuznetsova and architect S. A. Kleiman. When building a bridge for the first time in the world, glue joints were used, welded or bolted connections were not used. The bridge passes the route connecting Rostov with satellite cities Bataysky and Azov. The bridge received its name due to the eponymous prospectus, the continuation of which it is.
Voroshilovsky Bridge was built from 1961 to 1965. His design was engaged in engineer N. I. Kuznetsov and architect Sh. A. Kleman. The construction of the Voroshilovsky bridge completed the plan of the post-war reconstruction of the Embankment of Don, begun in 1947 at the initiative of the first secretary of the Rostov Regional Committee of the WCP (b) N. S. Patolicheva. The bridge was built on a new technology for his time. Concrete blocks weighing up to 30 tons each combined as not familiar welding or rivets, as it was done before, and glue. This allowed not to use welded and bolted connections. Between P-shaped supports, rectangular reinforced concrete hollow blocks were fixed with the help of bustal glue, and the steel cables are stretched through them, and the entire design was stretched. It was the first experience of such construction in the USSR. The technologies of the prestressed reinforced concrete and glued bridge structures were advanced.
Earlier in the city of the main crossing on the left bank of Don was the bridge in the target of Budyennovsky Avenue. At the construction stage, the idea was discussed to establish Obelisk on the Bridge, denoting the border of Europe and Asia, because, according to one of the versions, the border of two parts of the world passes along the Don River. However, the project was not implemented [one] . Initially, the Voroshilovsky bridge was designed to operate with a capacity of 19 thousand cars per day. However, with an increase in the number of cars in the city, the burden of construction has increased - up to 48-50 thousand units of equipment. Built in 2010, the Temernitsky Bridge built twice to unload the stream of cars on Voroshilovsky Bridge  .
Voroshilovsky Bridge is an important architectural element of Rostov-on-Don. Communication with the surrounding landscape and a combination with the city panorama were thought out by the authors of the project. The rapid horizontal of the bridge, which is a continuation of the line of Voroshilovsky Avenue, smoothly goes into the line of embankment of the left shore, leaving the distance in the distance. The picturesque silhouette of the bridge attracts tourists and citizens. Thanks to the smooth bentness of the lines of spans, elegant and strict supports, the bridge seems easy and harmonious. The length of the bridge is 620 meters, the width is 12 meters, height over the river - 32 meters; Under it can be river ships of all types  .
On October 22, 2007, a crack was discovered during the planned inspection of the Voroshilovsky bridge, as a result of which the bridge was closed for all types of transport, and then for pedestrians indefinitely. This increased the burden on two other bridges and exacerbated the transport situation even more. In December 2007, 2 free buses were allowed on the bridge, which are moving only within the bridge and transport passengers from one end of the bridge to another.
From December 27, 2007, a regular movement of urban and "Batayan" buses resumed, subject to the location on the bridge no more than one bus and movement only on the eastern roadway of the bridge. June 23, 2008 Transport traffic (except for trucks) on Voroshilovsky Bridge [four] . July 25, 2008 It was blocked on Sievers Street in the area Bottles No. 1 For the construction of a new bridge over the Don River.
View from Voroshilovsky Bridge on the Embankment of Rostov
In the period from 2013 to the fall of 2017, the Rostov-on-Don authorities carried out the reconstruction of the Voroshilovsky Bridge, expanding it from two existing bands to six [five] . This indicator has reached the construction of two new bridges on the site of the old, with a separate span section of 3 lanes in one direction in each, outwardly similar to the old bridge. There are some differences in the project - new bridges have spars of steel, the main shipping span is significantly expanded (for which old supports in the middle of the don are dismantled), reduced the number of supports in the left-bank part.
The distance between the axes of the old and new supports was planned 14.4 m  , between the edges of the bridge designs - 1-1.5 M. . Project bandwidth of the bridge-dubler - 66,540 cars per day, width - 36 meters, the width of the sidewalks - 3 meters The length of the bridge over the water barrier - 624.2 M. , with access roads - 1,821 meters  .
According to the MKU "Directorate for the construction of transport infrastructure in Rostov-on-Don" scheme and render, in the process of reconstruction, the bridge was planned to be equipped with 4 elevators, 2 on each shore, as well as visors of the translucent design over the pedestrian part.
Construction and installation work began in the fall of 2013, the completion of works was planned by November 30, 2017; The total cost of work is estimated at 6.03 billion rubles. [five] Works were carried out with a lead of the schedule, the central span of the 2nd Bridge was installed on October 20, 2016.
From February 15, 2014, the movement on the old Voroshilovsky bridge was closed, and the bridge - completely dismantled. The decision on the closure of the bridge was made on the basis of the conclusion of the Institute "Project Manufacturing". The survey revealed an increase in the inelastic deformations of plenty, and the total deflection was 63 centimeters.
From August 11, 2015, a working movement in the riding (left) part of the Voroshilovsky bridge is open. [eight] From September 13, 2017, a working movement in the riding (right) part of the Voroshilovsky bridge was opened. Now the movement is carried out in three strips in each direction, and the bandwidth of the bridge rose to 80 thousand cars per day. [nine] .
- Bogdanov G. I., Punin A. L. New bridges. - M. : Knowledge, 1976. - P. 15-16. - 64 s.
What's the matter?
September 13, after a long reconstruction, Voroshilovsky Bridge will open. More precisely, two - with three strips of movement in each direction.
Why did such a grand reconstruction needed? Bridge What was originally built on outdated technologies or violations?
The old binary Voroshilovsky bridge 627.5 meters long was built in 1965 by the project of the Giprokommundrans Institute - Engineer N. I. Kuznetsova and architect S. A. Kleiman.
The object erected on a new technology for its time: concrete blocks weighing up to 30 tons were connected to uncomfortable welding or rivets, as was done before, but glue. Between P-shaped supports, rectangular reinforced concrete hollow blocks were fixed with the help of bustal glue, and the steel cables are stretched through them, and the entire design was stretched. It was the first experience of such construction in the USSR, in the mid-60s these technologies were considered advanced.
Then why did he wear out?
The density of the automotive flux since the 1960s increased at times. The bandwidth of the Voroshilovsky Bridge on the project was 19 thousand cars per day, whereas in the early 2000s it actually was 45-46 thousand. In addition to the fact that the carrying capacity did not comply with modern requirements, which existed envelope also did not ensure the unobstructed passage of transport.
That is, the tragedy could happen? What was the last call, so that you started doing something?
At the end of October 2007, during the examination of the Voroshilovsky bridge, specialists were convinced that he was dangerous, and immediately closed it. And without any warning. Many Rostovitsa, as usual, rested on the left bank and suddenly learned that the way home would be longer than they expected.
And what do they say, the whole city got into a traffic jam?
With the closure of the Voroshilovsky bridge in Rostov, there was an unprecedented transport collapse. There was a load on the other two - Aksay and Western, which exacerbated the situation even more.
In December 2007, two free buses "Harmoshki" were allowed on the bridge, which were moving within the bridge and transported passengers only from one end to another. At the very end of December, the regular movement of Rostov and Bataysky buses resumed, subject to service on the bridge no more than one and movement only on the eastern carriage of the bridge. Only in June 2008 on Voroshilovsky Bridge opened a movement for transport, except trucks.
Isn't it open in 2010 the Temernitsky Bridge did not unload the road?
Partly, but preparation for the 2018 World Cup 2018 has already begun, Rostov was considered as one of the cities of Mundial. Since a full-fledged sports infrastructure could only be created on the left bank, the transport accessibility was to be ensured unconditionally, and therefore the Voroshilovsky Bridge had to meet the latest requirements.
What are the main stages of construction? Did not be late with the terms, how is it usually?
Construction and installation work began in the fall of 2013. It was decided to build two new bridges on the place of old with six strips of movement.
In February 2014, the movement on the old bridge was closed, and the structure itself was completely dismantled. The decision was made on the basis of the conclusion of the institution "Project Construction". The survey revealed an increase in the inelastic deformations of the span structures, and the total deflection was 63 centimeters.
In August 2015, a working movement in the riding (left) part of the Voroshilovsky bridge is open. In October 2016, installed the central span of the second bridge. During the reconstruction, various schemes of movement operated, including the reversing movement for a short time.
Object was initially planned in November 2017, so the parties, including the Mostroter-10 general contractor, worked faster than the deadlines.
What are the main characteristics of a new bridge?
The length of the bridge is 623 meters, only six 3.5-4 meters wide bands. Considering the peculiarity of the area, the project provides for retaining walls and anti-ridicular structures. Throughout the bridge, it will be equipped with treatment facilities for collecting and cleaning stock waters. In addition, both bridges have spars of steel, significantly expanded the main shipping span, for this old supports in the midst of don are dismantled.
At the updated Voroshilovsky bridge, up to 150 meters expanded the central span - now even sea vessels will be able to pass.
And what convenience will be created for pedestrians?
For the descent and lifting to the bridge on the left and right bank of the Don, two pavilions are provided for two elevators each, in addition, visors of the translucent design above the pedestrian part will appear.
Railing and barrier fences, lighting posts, drainage, decorative curtains are installed. The lighting of the supporting structures of the bridge is mounted, noise screens are installed on the dewion in the left bank. Before the bridge, in the area of shopping centers, there will be an underground pedestrian crossing. The length of the tunnel is 41 meters, and the width is 9 meters.
Modern view is good, but the main thing is to unload movement.
The bandwidth of the new bridge is 81 thousand cars per day, which is almost twice as much as before reconstruction. The estimated speed of movement is 80 km / h.
What is the total cost of the object, who financed him?
The total cost of reconstruction of the Voroshilovsky bridge is 6.3 billion rubles from federal and regional budgets. 5.9 billion went on construction and installation work.
Money is huge, it would be good to serve longer. What, by the way, promise?
According to experts, the service life of the new Voroshilovsky bridge is 75-100 years.